Muscle Strain | Painful Shoulder

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Muscle Strain | Painful Shoulder

Muscle strain

There are three types of muscles in the human body: smooth muscles, involuntary muscles found in the body's inner body wall such as the stomach, bladder, etc., heart muscles, the involuntary muscles that make up the heart, and the third type, which will be the subject of this article, is the structural muscles, which are the voluntary muscles responsible for the movement of the body, the movement of legs and hands.

The skeletal muscle tissue consists of a large number of muscle fibers, which in turn consist of a group of muscle fibrosis, and each muscle fiber consists of two types of protein threads, actin, and myosin. The theory of sliding threads, which explain the mechanism of muscle contraction, states that actin filaments slip between the mesin threads, resulting in a shorter length of the muscle fibers and thus the contraction of the muscle, and the movement of the associated joint.


Muscle fracture means partial or total damage to the muscle fibers or the tendon that binds them to the bones as a result of being exposed to pressure beyond their ability to withstand, as occurs when heavy objects are suddenly lifted. Muscle tearing can cause damage to some small blood vessels, causing bleeding and bruising, and pain due to the nerve ending irritability in the torn area.

Athletes who practice physical contact sports such as boxing, football, hockey, or certain types of sports that require constant repetition of certain movements are more likely to have muscle swells, such as rowing, tennis, and golf. It can also occur in people who practice a practice that requires heavy lifting.

Muscle strain symptoms

Symptoms of muscle tearing and Painful shoulder vary depending on the degree of tearing, and the symptoms take several weeks to disappear in the case of mild and moderate injuries, but in the case of severe injuries, symptoms may take months to disappear, and symptoms of muscle tears include:

- Sudden pain at the site of injury.
- Swelling and simpering muscle.
- Bruising and discoloration of the injury area.
- Limited ability to move the muscle.
- Harden and ulcerate the site of the injury.
- A gap in the muscle.




Symptoms that call a doctor are

- Hearing a bang when the injury occurs.
- Muscle weakness and difficulty moving compared to the other side of the body.
- Severe pain and swelling at the site of the injury.
- Severe back pain that prevents the patient from performing normal activities, or moderate back pain that worsens after several days.
- lower back pain does not improve within two weeks of treatment.
- back pain causes associated with any of the following symptoms:
- Numbness in the groin or rectum.
- Pain and heartburn when urinating.
- Fever and chills.
- Difficulty in controlling the process of urinating or exonerating.
- Dorsal or tingling in the shop.
- Severe pain that does not enable you to walk for more than a few steps.


Diagnosis of muscle strain

To diagnose muscle sais, your doctor may use:
- Clinical examination.
- X-ray examination.
- Computerized Tomography (CT).
- MRI scan.


Muscle strain and treatment

- Muscle dystrophy treatment takes a lot of time and patience, as treatment begins immediately after injury and continues until the muscle regains strength, and treatment methods for lower back pain include: helping the person with muscle dystrophy immediately after the injury

- Using the principle (PRICE) to get the best results of treatment. THE PRINCIPLE (PRICE) IS A COMPILATION OF THE INITIALS (PROTECTION, REST, ICE, COMPRESSION, ELEVATION), WHICH MEANS THE FOLLOW-UP OF THE INITIAL AMBULANCE STEPS

- Apply hot compresses one day or two days after the injury - i.e. after the swelling has been reduced - which helps to relax the muscle, while placing the saut├ęs before the tumor subsides, increases the pain and swelling, and you should avoid putting the fatty compresses directly on the skin.

- Take anti-inflammatory medications and analgesics such as Perrin and Advil to relieve pain and enable movement.

- After acute pain and swelling are eliminated, work begins on the rehabilitation of the affected part, where health care providers perform physical treatment of the injured muscle and guide the injured person to perform a range of exercises depending on the location of the injury and the extent of the damage resulting from it, to prevent muscle stiffness, improve its movement and flexibility.


The ultimate goal of rehabilitation is to enable the injured person to return to daily activities easily and to return to exercise if the injured person so wishes. The period of rehabilitation depends on the severity of the injury, and the extent to which the individual responds to treatment, some injuries may need between 8 and 12 months before the full recovery.

- Physical therapy may include the use of ultrasound waves or massage of the injured muscle.

- Your doctor may use surgery to repair damaged muscles and ligaments, depending on the patient's post-healing expectations.

Prevention of muscle strain & shoulder pain

Muscle swells can be prevented by following the following tips:

- Stop exercising, training when you feel pain or fatigue, and not strain your muscles.
- Eat healthy foods that contain all the nutrients to maintain the strength of your body muscles.
- Choose the right personal protective equipment when playing games and sports.
- Maintaining a healthy weight, as excess weight puts the body under additional pressure.
- Take the necessary measures to prevent tripping by keeping the corridors and stairs clutter-free and avoiding slippage during winter.
- Jogging on flat surfaces only.
- Wear the right shoes and replace them as soon as they are damaged.
- Daily stretching exercises.
- Make sure your body is fit before you start playing sports.
- Do not neglect adequate warm-up before participating in the exercise, or exercising.
- Bend your knees when lifting heavy loads, and avoid the back.
- Avoid body wrap movements.
- Refrain from smoking to improve blood flow to the muscles.


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References

- Richard Weil (12-12-2016), "How Muscles Work and How They Respond to Resistance Exercise"، MedicineNet.com.
- Reviewed by William Blahd (9-5-2016), "Muscle Strain"، Web Md.
- Reviewed by Sabrina Felson (16-11-2016), "Sprain vs. Strain: What’s the Difference"، Web Md
- Ann Pietrangelo ,Kristeen Cherney (Reviewed on20-10-2015), "Muscle Strains"، Health Line.
- "Muscle Strain", Drugs.com, Retrieved 1-2.
lower back pain, sciatica, muscle strain, painful shoulder, back pain causes,shoulder pain

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